Friday, November 28, 2014

Black Friday

Black Friday is the Friday following Thanksgiving Day in the United States (the fourth Thursday of November), often regarded as the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. In recent years, most major retailers have opened very early and offered promotional sales to kick off the holiday shopping season, similar to Boxing Day sales in many Commonwealth nations. Black Friday is not a holiday, but California and some other states observe "The Day After Thanksgiving" as a holiday for state government employees, sometimes in lieu of another federal holiday such as Columbus Day.[1] Many non-retail employees and schools have both Thanksgiving and the day after off, followed by a weekend, thereby increasing the number of potential shoppers. It has routinely been the busiest shopping day of the year since 2005,[2] although news reports, which at that time were inaccurate,[3] have described it as the busiest shopping day of the year for a much longer period of time.[4]

The day's name originated in Philadelphia, where it originally was used to describe the heavy and disruptive pedestrian and vehicle traffic which would occur on the day after Thanksgiving.[5][6] Use of the term started before 1961 and began to see broader use outside Philadelphia around 1975. Later an alternative explanation was made: that retailers traditionally operated at a financial loss ("in the red") from January through November, and "Black Friday" indicates the point at which retailers begin to turn a profit, or "in the black".[5][7]

For many years, it was common for retailers to open at 6:00 a.m., but in the late 2000s many had crept to 5:00 or even 4:00. This was taken to a new extreme in 2011, when several retailers (including TargetKohl'sMacy'sBest Buy, andBealls[8]) opened at midnight for the first time.[9] In 2012, Walmart and several other retailers announced that they would open most of their stores at 8:00 p.m. on Thanksgiving Day (except in states where opening on Thanksgiving is prohibited due to blue laws, such as Massachusetts where they still opened around midnight),[10] prompting calls for a walkout among some workers.[11] There have been reports of violence occurring between shoppers on Black Friday.

The news media have long described the day after Thanksgiving as the busiest shopping day of the year.[4] In earlier years, this was not actually the case. In the period from 1993 through 2001, for example, Black Friday ranked from fifth to tenth on the list of busiest shopping days, with the last Saturday before Christmas usually taking first place.[3] In 2003, however, Black Friday actually was the busiest shopping day of the year, and it has retained that position every year since, with the exception of 2004, when it ranked second (after Saturday, December 18).[2]

Black Friday is popular as a shopping day for a combination of reasons. As the first day after the last major holiday before Christmas it marks the unofficial beginning of the Christmas season. Additionally, many employers give their employees the day off as part of the Thanksgiving holiday weekend. In order to take advantage of this, virtually all retailers in the country, big and small, offer various sales including limited amounts of doorbuster/doorcrasher items to entice traffic. Recent years have seen retailers extend beyond normal hours in order to maintain an edge, or to simply keep up with the competition. Such hours may include opening as early as 12:00 am or remaining open overnight on Thanksgiving Day and beginning sale prices at midnight. In 2010, Toys 'R' Us began their Black Friday sales at 10:00 pm on Thanksgiving Day and further upped the ante by offering free boxes of Crayola crayons and coloring books for as long as supplies lasted. Other retailers, like SearsAĆ©ropostale, and Kmart, began Black Friday sales early Thanksgiving morning, and ran them through as late as 11:00 pm Friday evening. Forever 21 went in the opposite direction, opening at normal hours on Friday, and running late sales until 2:00 am Saturday morning.[12][13] Historically, it was common for Black Friday sales to extend throughout the following weekend. However, this practice has largely disappeared in recent years, perhaps because of an effort by retailers to create a greater sense of urgency.

The news media usually give heavy play to reports of Black Friday shopping and their implications for the commercial success of the Christmas shopping season, but the relationship between Black Friday sales and retail sales for the full holiday season is quite weak and may even be negative.[14]


Thursday, November 27, 2014

Thanksgiving Day in United States

Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.

Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.

There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.

In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.

Copyright © Time and Date 

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

History Teacher Does the Most Inspirational Thing on First Day of Class

In September of 2005, on the first day of school, Martha Cothren, a History teacher at Robinson High School in Little Rock, did something not to be forgotten. On the first day of school, with the permission of the school superintendent, the principal and the building supervisor, she removed all of the desks in her classroom. When the first period kids entered the room they discovered that there were no desks. 'Ms. Cothren, where are our desks?'

She replied, 'You can't have a desk until you tell me how you earn the right to sit at a desk.'

They thought, 'Well, maybe it's our grades.' 'No,' she said.

'Maybe it's our behavior.' She told them, 'No, it's not even your behavior.'

And so, they came and went, the first period, second period, third period. Still no desks in the classroom. Kids called their parents to tell them what was happening and by early afternoon television news crews had started gathering at the school to report about this crazy teacher who had taken all the desks out of her room.

The final period of the day came and as the puzzled students found seats on the floor of the desk-less classroom. Martha Cothren said, 'Throughout the day no one has been able to tell me just what he or she has done to earn the right to sit at the desks that are ordinarily found in this classroom. Now I am going to tell you.'

At this point, Martha Cothren went over to the door of her classroom and opened it. Twenty-seven (27) U.S. Veterans, all in uniform, walked into that classroom, each one carrying a school desk. The Vets began placing the school desks in rows, and then they would walk over and stand alongside the wall. By the time the last soldier had set the final desk in place those kids started to understand, perhaps for the first time in their lives, just how the right to sit at those desks had been earned.

Martha said, 'You didn't earn the right to sit at these desks. These heroes did it for you. They placed the desks here for you. They went halfway around the world, giving up their education and interrupting their careers and families so you could have the freedom you have. Now, it's up to you to sit in them. It is your responsibility to learn, to be good students, to be good citizens. They paid the price so that you could have the freedom to get an education. Don't ever forget it.'

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

There was a redhead, a brunette and a blonde...

Three women go down to Mexico one night to celebrate college graduation.  

They get drunk and wake up in jail, only to discover that they are to be executed in the morning, though none of them can remember what they did the night before.

The first one, a redhead, is strapped in the electric chair and is asked if she has any last words. She says: "I just graduated from Trinity Bible College and believe in the almighty power of God to intervene on the behalf of the innocent.." They throw the switch and nothing happens. They all immediately fall to the floor on their knees, beg for forgiveness and release her.

The second one, a brunette, is strapped in and gives her last words. "I just graduated from the University of Illinois School of Law, and I believe in the power of justice to intervene on the behalf of the innocent." They throw the switch and again, nothing happens. Again, they all immediately fall to their knees, beg for forgiveness, and release her.

The  last one, a blonde (you knew it), is strapped in and says: "Well, I'm from South Carolina and just graduated from the University of South Carolina with a degree in Electrical Engineering, and I'll tell ya right now,  y'all ain't gonna electrocute nobody if you don't plug this thing in."

Monday, November 24, 2014

Doo Wop Test

1. When did ''Little Suzie'' finally wake up?
(a)   The movie's over, it's 2  o'clock
(b)   The movie's over, it's 3  o'clock
(c)   The movie's over, it's 4  o'clock.

2. ''Rock Around The Clock'' was used in what movie?
(a)    Rebel Without A Cause.
(b)    Blackboard Jungle.
(c)    The Wild Ones.

3. What's missing from a Rock & Roll standpoint?
(a)    Earth Angel
(b)    Mother
(c)    Worm.

4.  ''I found my thrill  ...'' where?
(a)  Kansas City
(b)  Heartbreak Hotel
(c)  Blueberry Hill

5.  ''Please turn on your magic beam,  ___  _____  bring me a dream,’':
(a)    Mr. Sandman
(b)    Earth Angel
(c)    Dream Lover

6.  For which label did Elvis Presley first record?
(a)   Atlantic
(b)   RCA
(c)    Sun

7. He asked, ''Why's everybody always pickin' on me?''
    Who was he?
(a)   Bad, Bad Leroy Brown
(b)   Charlie Brown
(c)    Buster Brown

8. In Bobby Darin's ''Mack The Knife,'' the one with
    the knife, was named:
(a)   MacHeath
(b)   MacCloud
(c)    MacNamara

9. Name the song with ''A-wop bop a-loo
     bop a-lop bam boom.''
(a)   Good Golly, Miss Molly
(b)   Be-Bop-A-Lula
(c)   Tutti Fruitti

10.  Who is generally given credit for originating
       the term ''Rock And Roll''?
(a)    Dick Clark
(b)    Wolfman Jack
(c)    Alan Freed

11.  In 1957, he left the music business to become a preacher:
(a)    Little Richard
(b)    Frankie Lymon
(c)    Tony Orlando

12.   Paul Anka's ''Puppy Love'' is written to what star?
(a)    Susan Gibbs
(b)    Connie Francis
(c)    Annette Funicello

13.   The Everly Brothers were . . .
(a)    Pete and Dick
(b)    Don and Phil
(c)    Bob and Bill

14.  The Big Bopper's real name was:
(a)   Jiles P. Richardson
(b)   Roy Iddings Jr.
(c)   Marion Michael Morrison

15.   In 1959, Berry Gordy, Jr. started a small record company called...
(a)     Decca
(b)     Cameo
(c)     Motown

16.   Edd Brynes had a hit with ''Kookie, Kookie, Lend Me  Your Comb''.   
        What TV show was he on?
(a)     77 Sunset Strip
(b)     Hawaiian Eye
(c)     Surfside Six

17.  In 1960 Bobby Darin married:
(a)  Carol Lynley
(b)  Sandra Dee
(c)  Natalie Wood

18. They were a one hit wonder with ''Book Of  Love'':
(a)  The  Penguins
(b)  The  Monotones
(c)  The  Moonglows

19.  The Everly Brothers sang a song called ''Till I ______ You.''
(a)   Loved
(b)   Kissed
(c)   Met

20.  Chuck Berry sang ''Oh, _____, why can't you  be true?''
(a)   Suzie Q
(b)   Peggy Sue
(c)   Maybelline

21.  ''Wooly _______''
(a)   Mammouth
(b)   Bully
(c)   Pully

22. ''I'm like a one-eyed cat . . ."
(a)  can't go into town no more
(b)  sleepin' on a cold hard floor
(c)  peepin' in a seafood store

23.  ''Sometimes I wonder what I'm gonna do . . .''
(a)   cause there ain't no answer for a life without booze
(b)   cause there ain't no cure for the summertime blues
(c)   cause my car's gassed up and I'm ready to cruise.

24.  ''They often call me Speedo, but my real name is . . .''
(a)   Mr. Earl
(b)   Jackie Pearl
(c)   Milton Berle

25.   ''You're my Fanny and nobody else's . . .''
(a)   girl
(b)   butt
(c)   love

26. ''I want you to play with my . . . ''
(a)   heart
(b)  dreams
(c)  ding a ling

27. ''Be Bop A Lula . . .''
(a)  she's got the rabies
(b)  she's my baby.
(c)  she loves me, maybe

28. ''Fine Love, Fine Kissing ...''
(a)   right here
(b)   fifty cents
(c)   just for you

29. ''He wore black denim trousers and _''
(a)   a pink carnation
(b)  pink leotards
(c)  motorcycle boots

30.  ''I got a gal named . . .''
(a)   Jenny Zamboni
(b)   Gerri Mahoney
(c)   Boney Maroney

    Answers below...

1.  (c)    The movie's over, it's 4 o'clock
2.  (b)    Blackboard Jungle
3.  (a)    Angel
4.  (c)    Blueberry Hill
5.  (a)    Mr. Sandman
6.  (c)    Sun
7.  (b)    Charlie Brown
8.  (a)    MacHeath
9.  (c)    Tutti Fruitti
10.  (c)   Alan Freed
11.  (a)   Little Richard
12.  (c)   Annette Funicello
13.  (b)   Don and Phil
14.  (a)   Jiles P. Richardson
15.  (c)   Motown
16.  (a)   77 Sunset Strip
17.  (b)    Sandra Dee
18.  (b)   The Monotones
19.  (b)   Kissed
20.  (c)   Maybelline
21.  (b)   Bully
22.  (c)   peepin' in a sea food store
23.  (b)   cause there ain't no cure for the summertime blues
24.  (a)   Mr. Earl
25.  (b)   butt
26.  (c)   ding a ling
27.  (b)   she's my baby
28.  (a)   right here
29.  (c)   motorcycle boots
30.  (c)   Boney Maroney

Send this to everyone lucky enough to be teenagers in the Doo Wop era  . . .  or who wish they had been.