Tuesday, February 23, 2016

Awesome and Mysterious Discoveries Found on Earth

It may look like a modern art installation, but this site is far from new. Located in Mount Baigong in China’s Qinghai province and thought to be 150,000 years old, the Baigong Pipes form a magnificent structure of three triangular caves and stretch right through to a the mountains and even the nearby salt lake. But how can such a historic structure have been made in times where the only tools were those of your limbs? That seems to be the million dollar question....

An illustrated hand-written manuscript, known as 'The Voynich Manuscript,' remains a mystery to scientists. In part, this is because the text has no origin, thus rendering it almost impossible to track. Still, that hasn't stopped linguists and scholars attempting to solve the difficult writing. In fact, two people came forward in 2014, with one attributing the text to an ancient Mexican dialect, while the other believed it was a coded Asian language. However, through assessing the papers material, scientists have at least managed to date the document to the early 15th century.

Pretty random, right? Yes, these granodiorite spheres strewn across the Central American country have left scientists and geologists baffled.

Like the well-known British Stone Structure Stonehenge, The Gate of the Sun's solid stone arch construction is just as mysterious.  Moreover at over 12,500 feet above sea-level, the Bolivian location is where many scientists believe the first forms of human civilization started.

Britain's SS Gairsoppa was the victim of numerous Nazi Torpedo strikes in 1941. Though, aside from human fatalities and the drowning of the ship, 240 tons of pure silver bullion also plunged to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean.
However in 2012, Odyssey Marine Exploration of Tampa, Florida recovered forty-eight tons of the solid silver blocks, as the photo above illustrates. It's believed the find's value was $38m. Now, that's worth getting wet for!

The Antikythera mechanism was a device designed to predict astronomical positions as well as astrological eclipses. After being discovered near a shipwreck off the coast of Greece, scientists realised the ancient relic dated back to around 100 BC and contained a plethora of gears and structures scientists believe were the first of their kind, as no other evidence for such components dates back that far. In fact, historians can only track similar objects a thousand years after the mechanisms period, which could suggest the Antikythera mechanism was one of the first ever analog computers.

 Over 15,000 famous geoglyphs are located in Nazca desert in Southern Peru, which is believed to be the work of the Nazca Culture between 500 BCE and 500 CE. Only visible by air, generations of scientists and historians continue to be baffled by just how such etchings were made into the grounds surface when no form of aviation existed.

Only discovered in 1960, the World Heritage Site is the only evidence of pre-Columbus exploration to North America. Thus, according to this archeological site in Newfoundland, Canada, it was in fact the Vikings who first discovered the continent. 

Discovered in the 1920s, the 490-acre Mohenjo-Daro settlement in Pakistan is thought to be one of the world's earliest and most sophisticated towns. There is even evidence of a draining system, which in 2500 BC, was highly impressive!

Before the atrocities in the Middle East, Iraq's capital, Baghdad was once the cultural capital of the world and the birthplace of mathematics. And it appears physics was also practiced. An example can be seen in these strange artifacts. Discovered while examining 2,000-year-old ruins of a village in Baghdad, workers, by sheer chance stumbled upon three vase-like objects. But what made the discovery significant was the red copper interior- evidence of acid erosion. 
From this, scientists deciphered that the acid erosion was probably the remains of a liquid which would interact with the copper to create an electrical charge. If true, the finding could be one of the world's first examples of a modern-day battery.

The beauty of these stones lies not in their appearance but their making. Located in Peru, the boulders were constructed by people within the Killke culture by cutting the stones in a way which would join them neatly together. But achieving such a construction without any mortar puzzles scientists to this day and might always remain a mystery. 

In 1936, a couple from London, Texas came across an odd structure. However, it wasn't until their son cracked the rock- a decade later- that they discover what appeared to be an ancient hammer. Taking it to archeologists, scientists found that the object was crafted 400 million plus years ago during the Ordovician period!
They also concluded that the hammer was 96.6% iron, which is remarkable considering no natural object could achieve such purity without the aid of modern technology.
But it appears scientists have dismissed the initial findings. Instead, it is believed the hammer was probably just molded in concrete. I guess we'll never fully know! 

Though incomplete, the Obelisk, which is located in Northern Egypt, is the largest of its kind and is carved solely from bedrock. It was later abandoned after cracks appeared in the granite, but thousands of years later, people flock from all over the world to marvel at its wonder.

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